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Impressive results, exemplary achievements

How does a good funding decision multiply success? The R&D community and society in general both expect promising projects financed from the National Research, Development and Innovation Fund to deliver against the objectives. Convincing performance, advanced research achievements, products of new developments, direct and indirect social benefits by the enabling power of innovation are at the focus of the highlighted gallery of completed projects all worthy of public attention.

 

Mikroglia-idegsejt kapcsolat az agyban

Mechanisms through which inflammatory processes influence the evolution of neurological diseases
According to recent findings, inflammatory processes play a significant role in the evolution of diseases of the nervous system that are becoming increasingly widespread in modern societies. However, the mechanisms involved are presently unclear. At the “Brain Research and Oncology” conference organised by the Hungarian Biochemical Society, Hungarian researchers gave an account of the outcomes of the Hungarian Brain Research Programme and projects in the field of oncology, funded from the lately launched National Competitiveness and Excellence Programme of the NRDI Fund. Biologist Ádám Dénes presented his most recent research findings.





dron-lead

Tooth enamel helps identify historical migration routes

Tablettazogep_336x157
Drones and anti-drone interceptors are taught to think

Tooth enamel helps identify historical migration routes

Efficient medicine may treat neuropathic pain
As a result of the research-development project led by BHE Bonn Hungary Elektronikai Kft, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), more commonly, the drones will become faster, safer and capable of even more tasks. The internationally remarkable results of the three-year project were achieved with a funding of more than HUF 500 million (nearly EUR 1.5 million) received from the Research and Technology Innovation Fund.

In relation to the ethnic and cultural change of the Carpathian Basin in the Early Middle Ages, not much attention has been paid to how settlers and local inhabitants co-existed and created a shared culture. Recent migration trends in Europe, however, have made it a hot topic to learn more about the migration wave that occurred 1500 years ago. Although history rarely provides clear guidelines to be followed, the unbiased observation of historical processes can broaden your perspective and help find better solutions.

A successful clinical test has been completed by Meditop Gyógyszeripari Kft. which can bring the long-awaited breakthrough in the development of a special-purpose painkiller. The project was awarded almost HUF 500 million (EUR 1.59 million) from the Research and Technology Innovation Fund under a programme supporting market-oriented R&D activities, which was used by the Hungarian pharmaceutical company to prepare and conduct the Phase II clinical test of a new combination medicine for the treatment of neuropathic pain.






bosch

Elektronmikroszkópos laboratórium

Mars
From science fiction to reality: Bosch’s “smart car” programme

Veszprém-based development to open up new perspectives on the world of particles

Hungarian contribution to the Mars expedition: remote analysis using Earth analogues
Those who have a car, almost certainly use something that was manufactured by Bosch. The German company has been present in Hungary for 117 years now and has always been at the cutting edge of innovation and scientific research. Launched in 2013, the company’s development programme was implemented in cooperation with the Institute for Computer Science and Control of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, the Budapest University of Technology and Economics, and the University of Miskolc, in search of solutions to the changing needs of the automotive industry.

“Reinforcing the research infrastructure – internationalisation, networking” (GINOP-2.3.3-15) was among the first calls announced by the Ministry of National Economy on recommendation of the NRDI Office. The call with a total budget of HUF 20 billion (EUR 65.5 million) aims to strengthen domestic research infrastructure and facilitate Hungarian participation in international research infrastructures. It was also the first call in which the winners – from Debrecen, Keszthely, Pécs, Szeged and Veszprém– were announced in May 2016.

Does life other than ourselves exist somewhere in the universe, and if so, how could we trace it? What conditions are necessary for the development of living organisms – whether similar to or different from the ones on Earth? Can we find extra-terrestrial wet environments being favourable for the development of life? These questions are exciting for scientists and laymen alike. This is why we “interrogate” planet Mars during an international expedition in which Hungarian researchers also take part.





DNS

Gumi

Alkohol
Hungarian scientist about to reach the forefront of international genome research

Microwave improves scrap rubber recycling

Addiction among Hungarian youth – facts and trends
DNA is the cornerstone of every living organism: our uniqueness, our whole existence is encoded in these miniature spirals. Mihály Kovács, researcher at the Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest (ELTE) set out to understand how DNA repair mechanisms work. He submitted his project proposal to the European Research Council (ECR) for funding but despite the positive professional evaluation the project was finally not selected for funding. With a bridge funding from the NRDI Fund, the excellent research biologist can continue his work under predictable conditions, preparing for another international competition with the promise of success on the horizon.

The recycling of scrap rubber – such as scrap tyres – is a key environmental issue. It is, however, more challenging than you would think: due to its vulcanised matrix material with a stable cross-linked structure, scrap rubber can be “degraded” and reprocessed only to a limited extent. Researchers at the Department of Polymer Engineering of Budapest University of Technology and Economics (BME) have promising research results in the devulcanisation of the cross-linked structure which opens up new ways for the industrial recycling of crumb rubber.

Key indicators of smoking or consumption of alcohol and other drugs show improving trends –the survey project performed by the Institute of Sociology and Social Policy of Corvinus University of Budapest concludes, when comparing the latest information available on domestic conditions with all the data collected over the past 20 years, thus putting changes in addiction among Hungarian youth into an international context.





Pyber László

A nanorészecskék térnövekményének méréséhez felhasznált lézerrendszer

Acsády László
“I need to achieve something that mathematicians all over the world have been awaiting for a decade”

Basic research into nanooptics lays the foundation for new practical applications

“We are heading for new directions in brain research”
The research objective of academician László Pyber may also qualify as a milestone in classic and more recent branches of mathematics, such as computer science. The professor of the Alfréd Rényi Research Institute of Mathematics of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences won an ERC Advanced Grant, one of the most prestigious grants of the European Research Council (ERC) supporting discovery research. László Pyber and his research team has been assisted by the bridging fund of NRDI Fund over the past one-and-a-half years on his way to the grant. We asked the professor about the winning research project.

In the course of the interaction between metal nanoparticles and light the electric field might as well be ehnanced by several hundredfold in the proximity of nanoparticles. The benefits of this phenomenon may include the manufacturing of even more sensitive sensors, the destruction of harmful cells or the increased efficiency of certain solar cells. The “Ultrafast Nanooptics Research Group” in the Wigner Research Centre for Physics of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, supported by the NRDI Fund, has elaborated a method which helps to learn about and measure the limits of the enhancement of the electric field in the case of any metal nanostructure on a surface.

Neuroscientist László Acsády, winner of an ERC Advanced Grant, the most prestigious grant of the European Research Council fostering discovery research, has set the objective to explore the so far virtually unknown links between the frontal lobe of the cerebral cortex – responsible for cognitive functions, movement coordination, speaking and in pathological cases also for epilepsy and Parkinson’s disease – and the thalamus. With the professor of the Institute of Experimental Medicine of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences (MTA KOKI) we discussed the directions of research in the forthcoming five years.





Palackok

egyénre szabot tumorterápia

Kovacs_Ilona_sapka_felhelyezese_rovat
Letting the Spirit out of PET bottles

Personalised therapy for paediatric tumours

Adolescent brain development – the role of sleep in learning
Back covers of plasma TV sets, egg trays, things made of foam-structured plastic. The selective collection of empty plastic bottles of mineral water and soft drinks has been a practice for some years now, but little do we know about the fate of these flasks. Participants in a project funded from the NRDI Fund worked out a method that is now applied also in industries: by altering certain properties of plastic waste material they give it a chance for a new life in so far unthinkable forms.

The incidence of tumours in children is much lower than in adults, and the treatment of leukemia, one of the most frequent tumorous disease in children often leads to full recovery. However, in the case of solid tumours the prospects are worse than this. The researchers working on a winning project in the National Competitiveness and Excellence Programme funded from the NRDI Fund take a unique approach to acquire new knowledge of paediatric solid tumours which may enhance the delivery of new effective medication.


The threshold of adulthood is a critical period of life. It is no coincidence that this period is marked by an increase in the use of drugs, unwanted pregnancies, sexually transmitted diseases and car accidents. However, adolescent risk-taking comes with great flexibility as well: brain plasticity makes this period of development the time of opportunities. This gave the idea to Professor Ilona Kovács, head of the Institute of Psychology of Pázmány Péter Catholic University, to study the development of the cerebral cortex across adolescence and its relationship with sleep with her research group.
Last modified: 2017. november 20.
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