- Optionally, as a first, introductory step, the state will publish a Call for Expression (Interest) for a future IPCEI project, which will briefly include general and project-specific elements. On 17 December 2020, Hungary signed the IPCEI Manifesto, initiated by the German Presidency of the European Council, which expresses the general commitment and support of the Member States for the implementation of IPCEI projects. In this sense, for market participants, this can be seen as a public call for IPCEI projects.
- The company (ies) will then submit project proposals for pre-selection, which the Member State will evaluate and try to find links with similar projects.
- Interested companies should be selected during this selection. There are no general rules for the selection process, the system of criteria, these must be judged at the level of the Member States.
- The selected partners then start building the consortium (finding international partners, joining another emerging consortium, etc.) and jointly develop a detailed project plan, both professionally and financially (see liquidity gap = determining the desired level of support in each Member State).
- At national level, the desired level of support is submitted by the partners to the Member States, which is formally submitted by the Member State to the Commission (pre-notification process, ie approval under the IPCEI for the granting of the state aid in question).
- Following the submission of requests, the Commission will hold consultations, ask clarifying questions (both professional and financial), accept or reject the answers, and may request changes to the content.
- Finally, once the Commission's approval of the eligibility of the requested State aid has been obtained, the substance of the project can begin.
It can be seen from the above brief overview that the process of project generation and tender development is largely bottom-up, in which the role of the project partners and the company leading the project should be emphasized. The role of the state, in addition to expressing a commitment, is important primarily at the end of the process (submission of an application to the Commission), however, of course, continuous communication throughout the project preparation phase is advisable.