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Joint Technology Initiatives (JTI)
Institutionalised Public-Private Partnership (PPP) – Joint Technology Initiatives (JTIs)
25 January 2018
Modified: 25 January 2018
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The Joint Technology Initiative (JTI) is a common form of implementing PPP in an institutionalised form. A new and unique mechanism introduced by the 7th Framework Programme to enable the creation of large European research structures through establishing partnerships between the public and the private sector (PPP).

The aim is to create long-term public-private partnerships in the form of legal entities by mobilising large-scale private investments and public (community or member state) resources in strategic fields which enhance Europe’s competitiveness and where technological advance cannot be achieved through with the ordinary technological means.

By combining public and private financing, Joint Technological Initiatives can contribute the solution of urgent social problems affecting Europe as a whole.

The initiative covers the entire economic value chain and unites stakeholders in specific sectors from industry to SMEs, from universities and research institutions to national and regional authorities.

JTIs aim to coordinate European research activities and create a closer relationship between research and innovation.

Background: European Technology Platforms

Joint Technology Initiatives are based on the work of European Technology Platforms (ETPs) introduced by the 6th Framework Programme with the aim of uniting public and private actors in certain sectors to develop the common visions for technological development. ETPs promote the coordination of research activities between industry and science by creating certain common strategic research agendas (SRAs) which are essentially aimed at eliminating the obstacles to the development of new technologies.

Legal form and funding models

The Joint Technological Initiatives are based on Council Regulations under Article 187 of the Lisbon Treaty.

The initiatives are financed from a combination of public, private, national and EU sources. The latter include the potential sources of the Framework Programme and the European Investment Bank, as well as the venture capital.

JTI research activities are subject to open call for proposals.


Joint Technology Initiatives one by one: 

ECSEL – JTI Electronic Components and Systems for European Leadership

ECSEL – Leadership in enabling and industrial technologies

Launched in 2008 on the basis of Article 187 of the Lisbon Treaty to implement Joint Technology Initiatives, the ENIAC and ARTEMIS joint undertakings and the recently launched ECSEL joint undertaking, which is built on the results of the EPoSS European Technology Platform, aim to promote developments and synergies in the fields of nanoelectronics, embedded/cyberphysical and intelligent systems.

The primary objective is to push Europe to the forefront in the areas of electronic components and systems, and to eliminate the barriers to rapid utilisation.

For more information go to the separate page dedicated specifically to the ECSEL programme.   


IMI 2 – Innovative Medicines Initiative

The Innovative Medicines Initiative (IMI) aims to improve the competitiveness of the European pharmaceutical industry and to develop new tools which enable the development of safer and more effective medicines. IMI 2 is the continuation of IMI, the initiative launched under 7th Framework Programme.

Similarly to IMI, IMI 2 is also the joint initiative of the European Union and the EFPIA pharmaceutical association. The primary objective of IMI 2 is to improve the health and quality of life of European citizens by offering them new and more efficient diagnoses and treatments, such as antimicrobial treatments, through developing next-generation vaccines, antibiotics and medicines. The total budget of the initiative is EUR 3.45 billion. The EU contributes to this with EUR 1.725 billion from the H2020 budget and EFPIA with EUR 1.5 billion as non-pecuniary contribution. This sum is further increased with the total EUR 225 million contribution of industrial stakeholders operating in other fields of life sciences if they join the IMI 2 initiative as members or partners in individual projects.

IMI 2 began in 2014 and will run for 10 years.

Programme website:

Further information:
Klára Horváth


Clean Sky 2 – Initiative in the field of aeronautics and air transport

Council Decision 71/2008 established the joint undertaking aimed at implementing the Clean Sky Joint Technology Initiative.

The Clean Sky initiative was launched under the 7th Framework Programme with the aim of developing greener generations of European aircraft to radically improve the environmental impact of European air transport while making it stronger, safer and more competitive. The initiative is continued under the Horizon 2020 Framework Programme with the aim of drastically reducing the environmental impact of next generation aircraft (CO2 emission, noise pollution and green life cycle).

The Clean Sky programme encourages SME participation by ensuring them full involvement and offering an opportunity for the entire aviation supply in all EU member states and associated countries.


The five Joint Technology Initiatives are expected to mobilise over EUR 17 billion in total, form which EUR 6.4 billion will be secured by the EU’s budget. The below table summarises the funding demand of the individual JTIs. 

Joint Technology Initiative

Funding demand (EUR)

EU (Horizon 2020)

Sectoral partners and other sources

Innovative medicines

1725 million

1725 million

Fuel cells and hydrogen technology

700 million

700 million

Clean Sky

1800 million

2250 million

Bio-based industries

1000 million

2800 million

Electronic components and systems

1215 million

3600 million (1200 million from member states)


6440 million

9875 million from sectoral actors + 1200 million from member states

The first call of the Clean Sky 2 programme was announced on 20 December 2013 on the Participant Portal with a total budget of EUR 23 billion.

Programme website:

Further information:
Ágota Dávid
1077 Budapest, Kéthly Anna tér 1.
Phone: +36 1 795 94 53 


FCH 2 – Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Initiative 

The main objective of the initiative is to develop economically viable clean solutions which use hydrogen as an energy carrier and fuel cell as energy convertor. The aim is to accelerate the development of hydrogen supply and fuel cell technologies in order to facilitate their early market application (e.g. hand-held devices, portable generators), stationary application (domestic and commercial combined heat and power units) and transport application.

Specific objectives:

  • reduction of CO2 emissions,
  • reduction of dependence primarily on imported hydrocarbon fuels,
  • contribution to economic growth, job creation.

The initiative has three major partners: the European Commission, the New Industry Grouping which represents the industry, and N. ERGHY which represents the researcher community.

The programme is continued the under H2020 FP.

Programme website:


Shift2Rail – Joint undertaking in the rail transport sector 

The Shift2Rail initiative promotes the market entry of better (more comfortable, quieter and more reliable) trains and the establishment of innovative rail networks where the needs of increased passenger and freight transport can be satisfied more cheaply, accurately and reliably.

Total budget of the programme: EUR 450 million.

Programme website:

Further information:
Ágota Dávid
1077 Budapest, Kéthly Anna tér 1.
Phone: +36 1 795 94 53 


BBI – JTI Bio-based Industries 

Bio-based industries are industries that use renewable biological resources to create bio-based products and biofuels. Production usually takes place in bio-refineries and is often based on bio-based processes. By combining formerly separate primary producers (e.g. organic waste management companies) and industries bio-based industries create new value chains which opens new opportunities to existing market actors. More and more businesses seek to partly or fully shift to sustainable, renewable, bio-based resources and/or products in manufacturing (e.g. chemical products, biofuel, cellulose pulp and paper, sugar and starch) and the technology sector (in particular: industrial biotechnology).

The main aim is to create new competitive value chains which can replace demand for fossil fuels and boost rural development.

The Joint Technology Initiative primarily focuses on the conversion of non-edible plant parts (e.g. wood, agricultural and forestry residues) and biodegradable waste into bio-based products and biofuel for the purposes of further conversion and industrial use.

The JTI is set up for the period up to 31 December 2024.

Members of the initiative: the European Commission and the Biobased Industries Consortium (BIC). Its activity is co-financed by the founders. The Commission and the BIC finance the JTI’s in equal shares.

The full budget of the Bio-based Industries Joint Undertaking (including in-cash and in-kind contributions): EUR 200 million

Further information: 


SESAR – Single European Sky – Developing the next generation of European Air Traffic Management

Launched in 2007, the SESAR programme set out to significantly increase air transport in the EU while minimising its environmental effects.

The SESAR Joint Undertaking is responsible for the coordination and control of the research and innovation activities of the SESAR project, in line with the ATM master plan. It is also responsible for the execution of the ATM master plan and keeping it up-to-date. The latest version of the ATM master plan, adopted in 2012, determines the “essential operational changes” which need to be executed in the following three steps until the full implementation of the SESAR concept by 2030:

  • Step 1: time-based operations– focuses on the exploitation of unused capacities, particularly on improving the way of sharing information in order to optimise the utilisation of networks.
  • Step 2: trajectory-based operations – development of a System Wide Information System (SWIM) and initial trajectory-planning concepts in order to increase efficiency.
  • Step 3: performance-based operations – introduces fully integrated trajectory planning with new separation methods to achieve the long-term policy objectives of the Single European Sky.

Total budget: EUR 21 billion 

Programme website: 

Further information:
Ágota Dávid
1077 Budapest, Kéthly Anna tér 1.
Phone: +36 1 795 94 53

Updated: 25 January 2018
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